ABA (Applied Behaviour Analysis)

WHAT IS APPLIED BEHAVIOUR ANALYSIS?

Applied Behavioural Analysis helps autism, anxiety, learning and intellectual disorders, developmental delays, improves daily living skills, anger management

Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is a treatment method that has been clinically proven to help individuals learn new skills. It is based on the principle that when a behaviour or skill is rewarded or reinforced, it is more likely to be repeated, and a behaviour or skill that is not reinforced, is less likely to occur.

In ABA programs, skills are broken down into their simplest components and taught in a step-by-step progression. ABA can be used to teach new skills, to decrease challenging and inappropriate behaviours and these outcomes can improve the quality of life of all those involved.


ABA AT INTEGRATE HEALTH SERVICES

Applied Behavioural Analysis helps autism, anxiety, learning and intellectual disorders, developmental delays, improves daily living skills, anger management

Integrate Health Services offers a unique approach to ABA therapy, which allows us to address many areas of development for children and adolescents. For each client, individualized programs are created to facilitate the acquisition of skills required to be successful in all aspects of daily living, including the home and school environment, as well as within the community. These programs assist the individual in reaching their full potential by decreasing maladaptive behaviours and increasing the skills necessary to succeed.

Our programs involve a family oriented approach that applies the principles of ABA in a structured setting, where the therapist works one-on-one or in small group settings with the child/youth. Programs are implemented based on areas of need identified by assessments and parent goals. Examples of programs that may be implemented include targets related to self-help, school readiness, communication, social or interpersonal skills, self-regulation, motor development, vocational, personal responsibility/adaptability, cognitive function, and reducing challenging behaviours.


WHAT TYPES OF ABA PROGRAMS ARE AVAILABLE?

Applied Behavioural Analysis helps autism, anxiety, learning and intellectual disorders, developmental delays, improves daily living skills, anger management

ABA therapy sessions are available Monday to Friday from 8:30am to 6:00pm and include individualized one-on-one or small group support based on the client’s identified goals. We provide comprehensive ABA services (15+ hours per week), focused ABA services (less than 15 hours per week), and consultative therapy/parent training service. We work with a wide variety of clients and families to create unique and individualized programs for each and every client. We also have an After-School ABA Program for children/youth that have integrated into the school environment already.

We offer centre-based, home-based and community-based ABA services. We have two on-site Board Certified Behaviour Analysts (BCBA) who oversee all ABA students and programs. We will work with families who are currently on the wait list to access services as well as families who choose the Direct Funding Option (DFO). Families can also choose to pay privately for services.


ABA PROVISION AT INTEGRATE HEALTH SERVICES

What To Expect With In-Clinic ABA:

  • Skills assessment
  • Development of Individualized Support Plan (ISP)
  • 1:1 therapy/group instruction
  • School consultation (fee will apply)
  • Parent training
  • Daily written communication with family
  • Access to a multidisciplinary team on site (Social Worker, Psychotherapist, Psychologist)
  • Facilitation to our Behavioural Paediatrician (a referral letter from the individual’s family physician is still required)


WHY WOULD I ACCESS THIS SERVICE?

For teaching skills: 
Specific areas of development are addressed based on skill deficits and client or parental goals.

The following are the most common areas that are addressed using the principles of ABA:

  • Teaching appropriate language and communication skills
  • Teaching appropriate play skills
  • Teaching social skills
  • Teaching skills related to classroom readiness
  • Self-help skills
  • Decreasing aggression
  • Increasing compliance (and decreasing non-compliance)


For addressing problem behaviours:
 
Behavioural Consultation services work with families to determine individual goals and to implement evidence-based strategies to aid with a variety of behavioural challenges. These challenges may include, but are not limited to: difficulties with noncompliance, aggression, property destruction, school avoidance, and transitions.


WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF ACCESSING ABA?

ABA, whether be delivered in its intense form (IBI) or to a lesser degree, will use evidence-based techniques to target specific skills and behaviours dependent on the individual’s needs and goals. The custom-designed interventions result in skill development that will positively impact an individual’s behaviours and enhance personal well-being. 

Common goals that are targeted in ABA programming may include the following:

  • Requesting for objects, identifying objects in their environment, or reading written words
  • Matching skills, identifying the colour, shape or function of objects, completing various puzzles or block designs
  • The ability to read common social cues, how to engage peers in conversation, or understanding the use of body language
  • Reading a book, writing their name, number sense and measurement
  • Pulling clothing down, sitting on the toilet, requesting to use the washroom and completing all steps when using the washroom
  • Programs that may be used can teach a child to imitate physical actions, language and/or social skills
  • Staying seated during instruction, attending to the instructor and maintaining eye contact
  • Transitions, following a classroom routine or group instruction, or increasing on-task behaviours
  • Motor skills can be taught through play or interaction with toys (ring stackers, shape sorters, play dough), holding a writing utensil, cutting, pasting
  • Dressing, bathing, brushing teeth, following morning and evening routines
  • Moving from one activity to the next, moving from one location to the next (home to school or home to an outing)

Click here to find out how ABA can assist individuals with different diagnoses. 

ADHD and ABA: 
http://childmind.org/article/behavioral-treatments-kids-adhd/ 
Acquired Brain Injury and ABA: 
http://www.behavior.org/resources/310.pdf 
http://www.aba-ireland.com/?page_id=1407 
Autism and ABA: 
https://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism/treatment/applied-behavior-analysis-aba 
http://autismcanada.org/living-with-autism/treatments/non-medical/behavioural/aba/ 
Down Syndrome and ABA: 
https://www.down-syndrome.org/perspectives/316/ 
http://aba-works.com/about-diagnoses/down-syndrome-faqs/ 
Intellectual Disabilities and ABA: 
https://www.mentalhelp.net/articles/applied-behavioral-analysis-aba-and-intellectual-disabilities/ 
https://www.kennedykrieger.org/patient-care/patient-care-programs/inpatient-programs/neurobehavioral-unit-nbu/applied-behavior-analysis 
Gambling and ABA: 
http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/bar/13/3-4/2.html 
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3469300/ 

treatment for children, autism spectrum disorder, help with school, occupational therapy, ADHD therapy, behaviour management