ABA (Applied Behaviour Analysis) and IBI (Intensive Behavioural Intervention)

What is Applied Behaviour Analysis?

Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is a treatment method that has been clinically proven to help individuals learn new skills. It is based on the principle that when a behaviour or skill is rewarded or reinforced, it is more likely to be repeated, and a behaviour or skill that is not reinforced, is less likely to occur.

In ABA programs, skills are broken down into their simplest components and taught in a step-by-step progression. ABA can be useful in a number of ways, from teaching new skills to decreasing challenging and inappropriate behaviours and can improve the quality of life of all those involved.





What is Intensive Behaviour Intervention (IBI)?

Intensive Behavioural Intervention (IBI) is a specific type of teaching for children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder. IBI applies the principles of ABA in an intensive and highly structured setting, approximately 20-40 hours of therapy per week. A therapist works one-on-one with the child while working on a range of targeted skills. The goal of IBI is to increase learning and skill development by closely monitoring development and making adjustments to programs in order to promote significant change.


ABA and IBI at Kids Clinic

Integrate Health Services offers a unique approach to ABA and IBI Therapy, which allows us to address areas of development for children, adolescents, and adults. Our programs are uniquely designed to help individuals build on the skills necessary to allow them to live more independently and to reach their full potential. Our team provides centre-based, home-based, and community-based therapy and work with families who are currently on the wait list to access services as well as families who choose the Direct Funding Option (DFO). Families can also choose to pay privately for services.


ABA provision at Integrate Health Services

What to expect with both in clinic ABA and IBI:

  • Skills assessment
  • Development of Individualized Support Plan (ISP)
  • One to one therapist/student ratio
  • Participation in the School Readiness Program when applicable
  • Treatment from the moment the child/teen enters the session until the time they leave
  • School consultation (fee will apply)
  • Parent training
  • Monthly progress reports
  • Daily written communication with family
  • Access to a multidisciplinary team on site (Occupational Therapist, Social Worker, Psychotherapist, Speech and Language Pathologist, Naturopathic Doctor, Psychologist)
  • Facilitation to our Behavioural Paediatrician (a referral letter from the individual’s family physician is still required)


Why would I access this service?

For teaching skills:
Specific areas of developed are addressed based on skill deficits and client or parental goals.

For addressing problem behaviours:
ABA can also be provided to parents and caregivers by means of consultation when there is problem behaviour particularly due to a skill deficit. Behavioural Consultation services work with children and their families to determine individual goals and to implement evidence-based strategies to aid with a variety of behavioural challenges. These challenges may include, but are not limited to: difficulties with noncompliance, transitions, and activities of daily living such as hygiene routines, eating, and toileting.
The following are the most common skill deficit areas and behavioural challenges best addressed by ABA:

  • Communication deficits
  • Dysfunctional play
  • Deficient and inappropriate social behaviour or absence of it
  • Absence of imitation skills
  • Deficient ability to respond to questions and start a conversation
  • Deficient ability to pay attention and follow group instructions in class
  • Deficient toileting skills

Click here to find out how ABA can assist individuals with different diagnoses.

ADHD and ABA:
http://bcotb.com/blog/2012/10/30/behavioral-interventions-for-children-with-adhd/
http://childmind.org/article/behavioral-treatments-kids-adhd/
Acquired Brain Injury and ABA:
http://www.behavior.org/resources/310.pdf
http://www.aba-ireland.com/?page_id=1407
Autism and ABA:
https://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism/treatment/applied-behavior-analysis-aba
http://autismcanada.org/living-with-autism/treatments/non-medical/behavioural/aba/
Down Syndrome and ABA:
https://www.down-syndrome.org/perspectives/316/
http://aba-works.com/about-diagnoses/down-syndrome-faqs/
Intellectual Disabilities and ABA:
https://www.mentalhelp.net/articles/applied-behavioral-analysis-aba-and-intellectual-disabilities/
https://www.kennedykrieger.org/patient-care/patient-care-programs/inpatient-programs/neurobehavioral-unit-nbu/applied-behavior-analysis
Gambling and ABA:
http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/bar/13/3-4/2.html
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3469300/

What are the benefits of accessing ABA?

ABA, whether be delivered in its intense form (IBI) or to a lesser degree, will use evidence-based techniques to target specific skills and behaviours dependent on the individual’s needs and goals. The custom-designed interventions result in skill development that will positively impact and individual’s behaviours and enhance personal well-being.

Common goals that are targeted in ABA programming include the following:

requesting for objects, identifying objects in their environment, or reading written words
matching skills, identifying the colour, shape or function of objects, completing various puzzles or block designs
the ability to read common social cues, how to engage peers in conversation, or understanding the use of body language
reading a book, writing their name, number sense and measurement
pulling clothing down, sitting on the toilet, requesting to use the washroom and completing all steps when using the washroom
programs that may be used can teach a child to imitate physical actions, language and/or social skills
staying seated during instruction, attending to the instructor and maintaining eye contact
transitions, following a classroom routine or group instruction, or increasing on-task behaviours
motor skills can be taught through play or interaction with toys (ring stackers, shape sorters, play dough), holding a writing utensil, cutting, pasting
dressing, bathing, brushing teeth, following morning and evening routines
moving from one activity to the next, moving from one location to the next (home to school or home to an outing)
following through when a child is requested to do something or to follow set expectations